How to Identify the Blood Cancer Symptoms?

How to identify the blood cancer symptoms?

Blood cancer has emerged as a growing health concern for India in recent times. It is a deadly disease that affects millions around the world every year. Blood cancer can be treated with positive outcomes if diagnosed at an early stage. 

This article discusses the most common blood cancer symptoms so that you can identify them and seek medical help if needed. 

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Blood Cancer – An Intro

Proper production of blood cells is essential for human survival. Blood cells provide the human body with energy, transport oxygen to various body parts, increase humans’ ability to fight infections, and aid in controlling bleeding. 

Blood cancer disrupts the way a human body produces blood cells. Blood cancer symptoms provide an insight into the type of cancer affecting one’s body. Generally, blood cancer starts in the bone marrow. Bone marrow is a soft, spongy material inside the bone’s centre. The bone marrow’s primary task is to produce stem cells that eventually mature into white blood cells, red blood cells, and platelets.  

Blood cancer symptoms emerge when the human body stops producing blood cells typically, indicating something wrong. Generally, the average blood cells give way to abnormal blood cells in a cancer patient’s body, leading to several blood cancer symptoms. However, timely diagnosis, followed by appropriate treatment, can increase the lifespan of blood cancer patients.  

Blood cancer symptoms vary depending on a patient’s type of blood cancer. The following section discusses the common blood cancer symptoms so that you can spot these signals and take remedial steps in the first instance.  

Blood Cancer Symptoms As Per The Types of Blood Cancer

Here are the three most common types of blood cancer found in patients:

  1. Leukaemia
  2. Lymphoma
  3. Multiple Myeloma

As already mentioned, blood cancer symptoms depend on the type of blood cancer a patient has. In the following section, let us understand each type and its associated symptoms in detail.


Leukaemia usually starts inside the bone marrow, where blood cells are produced. Leukaemia increases the production of white blood cells in the human body. It increases the lifespan of the white blood cells without increasing the human body’s ability to fight infections.  

Leukaemia (blood cancer) symptoms vary depending on their severity. For instance, it may cause sudden illness. However, most leukaemia (blood cancer) symptoms are hard to detect since they are chronic (take years to show up). If a patient’s routine blood test shows abnormal results, the chances are high that the patient might have leukaemia.

Irrespective of the type of leukaemia a patient has, these are the common blood cancer (leukaemia) symptoms seen in patients:

  • Tiredness or weakness
  • Breathing problems (shortness)
  • Dizziness
  • Skin turning pale
  • Pain in the chest
  • Bloody nose
  • Profuse bleeding
  • Bleeding gums
  • Red dots on the skin
  • Heavy periods
  • Red or black bowel movements
  • Lumps in the armpit or neck
  • Abnormal weight loss
  • Bone pain  


Lymphocytes refer to special white blood cells with infection-fighting capabilities. Lymphocytes pass through the human lymph system and help the human body eliminate waste. Lymphoma is a blood cancer that increases the size of lymphocytes, reducing a patient’s ability to fight infections. 

Blood cancer (lymphoma) symptoms include swollen lymph nodes that lead to a lump in the groin, armpit, or neck. Swollen lymph nodes may also cause breathing problems, excessive coughing, chest pain, belly pain, or bone pain. Also, since lymphoma increases the spleen’s size, the patient may feel bloated or full.

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Depending on the intensity of the blood cancer (lymphoma) symptoms, a patient may also experience the following things:

  • Night sweats
  • Itchy skin
  • Excessive weight loss
  • Tiredness
  • Fever

Multiple Myeloma

Plasma cells in human blood help fight many diseases. However, multiple myeloma disrupts the bone marrow’s natural ability to produce plasma cells, resulting in bigger-than-natural plasma cells that decrease the production of healthy blood cells. Moreover, the chemicals released into the patient’s blood damage their tissues and organs. Multiple Myeloma (blood cancer) symptoms do not usually show up until it partly damages a few body organs.

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The symptoms of Multiple Myeloma-induced blood cancer include the following:

  • Pain in the Bone – Multiple Myeloma is typically characterised by persistent pain in the ribs or back. It also makes the bones more brittle, resulting in poor bladder or bowel control, tingling in the arms, and weakness in the legs.
  • Hypercalcemia – Multiple myeloma increases the amount of calcium in human blood, which can cause constipation, weakness, excessive thirst or urination, confusion, stomach pain, and nausea. Moreover, excessive calcium in the blood can damage the kidneys, leading to breathing problems, itchy skin, and swollen ankles. 


Blood cancer symptoms should not go unnoticed at any cost. Make sure you get in touch with experts if you get any of the symptoms mentioned earlier. Get in touch with the experts at the Max Healthcare group for further medical assistance.

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